Italian peninsula contains the great Italian cities of Rome and Venice
The Italian cities are lovely, ancient, and attractive tourist attractions for international tourists. Romans, Italy is a location rich in history with some great museums that display art pieces from past centuries, such as the Roman forum, which was the centre for all public life in Rome during its peak years around 500 B.C to 500 A.D. Where is hosted gladiator fights, chariot races, and it has been an area of interest for criminologists because it was also used for execution by animals (see article on performances).
Rome itself is riddled with palaces like Vatican city that holds many treasures like one of Michael Angelo’s famous art pieces being its ceiling painting in the chapel of st peter, which has been recently restored I believe, Italian city Rome, Italy it is a location rich in history and many tourist attractions like the grand coliseum, Italian peninsula cities Venice Italy it has an impressive canal network and a beautiful carnival every year.
The roman empire had an enormous influence on Europe and western civilization. With a very advanced culture for its time, most famously being the archaeological site called Herculaneum. However, some did have some setbacks, including plagues to natural disasters but eventually was no longer able to sustain itself and fell around 500 A.D from invasions by barbaric German tribes. That could not be repelled Italy Italy was a region with many trade routes that made it an important location in transportation. It is a place where roman culture took root because it had an enormous impact on Italy Rome Italian peninsula.
The Italian peninsula has much history, including being the home to the ancient greeks and Latin peoples who built many beautiful structures. It became the first part of Europe to be Christianised and eventually split between empires like France, the Italian peninsula Lombardy Venice. So even though foreign powers have occupied it for various reasons, some not good, but they all contributed positively towards art and architecture, making top-rated world attractions today, as you can see from this post some of the best places.
The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine
The Romans loved gladiatorial games to watch other people fight to the death, which shows how cruel they were. Also, when we think of Roman art, most of us believe that it was great art. Still, you have to understand that most Greek sculptures or paintings were much more superior to Roman art.
The Colosseum in Rome is a fantastic monument built during the first century as a public arena where conflicts between man and beast have held disputes between man and beast. The cost of building it, which took eight years from A.D 70 -78, is said to have exceeded 150 million dollars! It could hold up to 50 000 spectators, so when you consider this, you begin to imagine how extravagant it must have been during its heyday.
The Vatican is a city-state located within the city of Rome. Vatican City is an independent country formed in 1929 when the Lateran Treaty between Italy and the Holy See gained official recognition from the international community as an independent state. Vatican City is governed by the Pope (who also heads Vatican City). It has its government officials that are elected every few years.
Vatican City is approximately 110 acres and consists of portions of Rome where Vatican Hill, Borgo, and Prati meet together. Vatican City’s population ranges from 800 to 900 people at any given time, with about 80% being clergymen. It shares borders with the Italian peninsula and has sovereignty over Vatican Gardens as well as St Peter’s Square. Vatican City is known for Vatican Hill and St Peter’s Basilica. Vatican Hill is home to the Vatican Grottos, Vatican Museums, Vatican Library, Vatican Gardens, Vatican Post Office, Vatican Bank and more. Vatican City has a rich artistic history and boasts many churches from all different periods within Rome. The most famous church in Vatican City is St Peter’s Basilica, built between 1506-1626 AD by Pope Julius II. This church took over 100 years to complete!
The Pantheon, The Roman Pantheon The best-preserved building of ancient Rome is the great circular temple known as The Pantheon. It stands on a high podium that it shares with Santa Maria’s church and directly in front of The Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace). The word pantheism meant everything or all and was used to describe this new type of broad, roofed temple modelled on traditional Greek temples but more circular. The building itself is impressively large – 41m in diameter, 78m tall, including the wall plinths that would have been standard height for an ancient column supporting an entablature pediment structure.
This well-proportioned architecture reached its peak during antiquity when measured by using simple mathematics and refined engineering techniques, and The Pantheon stands as a symbol of these ancient achievements. The core of The Pantheon is the great dome which sits on top of an octagonal drum, each angle of The Pantheon has four colonnades that support its weight. The height up to the oculus (round opening) in the centre of Pantheon’s dome from the floor. It is 43 metres with a diameter at a base of 32m. The distance to grade level from The Pantheon’s entrance podium, which is now roughly defined as Piazza Della Rotonda to the top, would have been 46m, therefore, bringing one into perspective how truly large this building is must have appeared when originally new.
The Roman Forum is one of the most impressive and vital remains in central Rome. It was an open area located between the city’s two main gates. The forum has initially used the meeting for public gatherings, business and trade, but it also served as a centre for political life; all matters of importance have discussed all issues of importance here.
In ancient times there were temples to different deities (such as Diana and Jupiter), offices for essential officials and other such public buildings at the heart of the forum. Many emperors gave orders about building work here or issued laws displayed on stone bas-reliefs on specific walls within its precincts. Today, only a few columns remain from these once imposing buildings, but the ruins still give an idea of ancient Rome. They are situated between the Colosseum and Trajan’s Column, close to the Arch of Septimius Severus, a substantial arched gateway erected in 203 AD and decorated with reliefs showing scenes from his military campaigns.
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